U.S. IOOS®: History

This chronological table highlights national and international events which helped to shape U.S. IOOS.






January -NOAA IOOS Program recognized as the US IOOS Program Office

June -JOCI report – June 2011 “America’s Ocean Future: Ensuring Healthy Oceans to Support a Vibrant Economy,” – calls on the Administration and Congress to fund and implement IOOS  http://www.jointoceancommission.org

Publication of the OceanObs'09 Conference Proceedings

August - The DVD has entered production, this website now includes a final version of the proceedings, and all DOI references are now live.

April - The production process is now wrapping up, taking longer than originally anticipated. A DVD of the proceedings will be produced by ESA and mailed to all conference participants first, while a paper copy of Volumes 1 and 2 printed by BSH will follow afterwards.


National Ocean Policy Released:  Ocean Observing Called out in Priority Objective #9

US IOOS Blueprint to Full Capability 1.0. (pdf)

Data Integration Framework successfully completed – Data Integration Framework (DIF) Final Assessment Report

DMAC 1.0 launched – IOOS Data Catalog

2009 March - President signs the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act of 2009 into law, including authorization for IOOS as a formal program OceanOBS'0

September - Ocean.US disestablished

April – Mr. Bill Birkemeier appointed as Interim Director for Ocean.US


September – Ocean.US coordinated and held the Maritime Domain Awareness SummitFebruary -

NOAA stands up official IOOS® program

Data Integration Framework Pilot Project Initiated



December – Ocean.US co-edits a special edition of Marine Technology Society on Coastal Inundation

October – Workshop on Regional Needs for Coastal Remote Sensing, Report #16

January – Public Health Risks Workshop,
Report #15

January – Dr. Mary Altalo appointed as third Director of Ocean.US

July – U.S. GOOS National Report,
Implementation & Planning Act, Report #14

December – Addendum to the First IOOS Development Plan, Report #9-A1

December – First IOOS Development Plan approved by ICOSRMI and goes to press Report #9

May – Second Annual IOOS Implementation Conference: Multi-Hazard Forecasting, Report # 12

March - Data Management and Communications Plan for Research and Operational Integrated Ocean Observing Systems: Interoperable Data Discovery, Access, and Archive, Report #6

March – National IOOS Industry Day, Washington , D.C.

January - First IOOS Development Plan completed

1st IOOS Public Health Workshop

1st IOOS Development Plan approved by the NORLC and ICOSRMI

2nd IOOS Implementation Conference focuses on coastal inundation and multi-hazard forecasting

Data Management and Communications Plan released

1st IOOS Industry Day

Administration releases Ocean Action Plan in response to USCOP report; creates new ocean governance structure

June – IGOOS approved
Implementation Strategy for the Coastal Module of GOOS published,
GOOS Report No. 148

Full deployment of surface drifters for global module GOOS

Publication of GSSC/I-GOOS approved
Implementation strategy for coastal module of GOOS

April – GOOS: U.S. National Implementation and Planning Activities, Report #11


December – Ocean Action Plan completed
On December 17, 2004, the President submitted to Congress his formal response, U.S. Ocean Action Plan

September – U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy released the report An Ocean Blueprint for the 21 st Century (Ocean.US provided much of the information on IOOS that was included in this report)

August – Held the First Annual Implementation Conference for IOOS, Ocean.US Report #8

June – Surface Current Mapping in U.S. Coastal Waters: Implementation of a National System Ocean. US Report #7

May – Workshop on Application of Iridium Telecommunications to Oceanographic and Polar Research Ocean. US Report #13

March – Ocean.US workshop on Promoting Lifelong Ocean Education Using the Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) to Shape Tomorrow's Earth Stewards and the Science and Technology Workforce, Ocean.US Report #4

March – National consensus on criteria for becoming an IOOS Regional Association, the establishment of NFRA, and requirements for governance and business plans: Ocean.US Organization Workshop on Building Regional Capacity for the IOOS, Ocean.US Report #5

1st IOOS Implementation Conference recommendations to 1) implement IOOS global ocean component, 2) implement DMAC sub-system, 3) Establish/find RAs and NFRA, 4) Implement pilot projects to facilitate coordinated coastal and global developments, federal agencies signed declaration response

U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy releases Final Report recommending establishment of IOOS as a high priority

1st IOOS Education Workshop



October - Dr. Thomas Malone appointed third Director of Ocean.US

March – Ocean.US organized summit on Regional Ocean Observing Systems, Ocean.US Report #3

Ocean.US Regional Summit develops recommendations for structure and function of RAs to design, implement, and develop RCOOSs as part of the U.S. IOOS

October – IGOOS approved Integrated Design Plan for the Coastal Module of GOOS published, GOOS Report No. 125

Earth Observation Summit affirms need for timely, quality, long term global information as basis for sound decision-making


October – Dr. Eric Lindstrom appointed second Director of Ocean.US

May – NOPP transmits the Ocean.US Workshop report on An Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System for the United States: Design and Implementation to Congress, Ocean.US Report #2

March – Ocean.US Workshop (Airlie House) on Building Consensus: Toward an Integrated Ocean Observing System, Ocean.US Report #1

Proceedings of the Ocean.US workshop published: "Building Consensus: Toward an Integrated & Sustained Ocean Observing System

"An Integrated Sustained Ocean Observing System (IOOS) for the U.S.: Design and Implementation" with estimated first year budget, submitted to congress via NOPP & OSTP

Airlie House: An Ocean.US national workshop on IOOS: Consensus reached on 1) vision for the system 2) core element to be federally supported 3) need for improved management system, and 4) need for a global economic benefit studies

Strategic Design Plan completed by COOP for combined coastal module

1st Forum of GOOS Regional Alliances

2001   Initial meeting of JCOMM signals formal beginning of operational global oceanography

March – CAPT David Martin appointed as first Director of Ocean.US

Planning begins for development of a sustained and integrated ocean observing system for the U.S

Ocean U.S. office established

Three modules of GOOS (Health of the Oceans, LMRs, CZM) combined into one Coastal Module (COOP)

Publication of Ocean theme (document of IGOS partnership defining ocean requirements for satellite observations and setting rolling review process)

Initial design plans completed for pollution, marine services, and coastal modules of GOOS


Workshop to begin esign of coastal component of the U.S. GOOS: "An Ocean Observing System for U.S. Coastal Waters: First Step"

1st Planning documents for U.S. GOOS by NOPP issued at request of Congress "Toward a U.S. Plan for an Integrated, Sustained Ocean Observing System" and "An Integrated Ocean Observing System: A Strategy for Implementing the 1st Steps of a U.S. Plan"

1st International conference on GOOS, unified operational and long-term research needs, consensus on global module requirements
1998 U.S. GOOS Steering Committee established and initiates assessments of users and products needed by U.S. global coastal observing systems GOOS Prospects published with strategic guidance, foundation, and framework articulated
1997 NOPP established by law

GOOS Steering Committee form

Marine services and climate requirements combine into one global module of GOOS


1995 - 1996 NOAA office of Global Programs begins preparation of implementation plan for U.S. GOOS forms Initial Strategic Plan completed for climate module of GOOS
1993 Interagency Working Group for U.S. GOOS forms  
1992 1st U.S. GOOS Workshop and Report "First Steps to a U.S. GOOS" UN Conference on Environment (Earth Summit) endorses GOOS in Agenda 21
1991 Economic benefits studies of improved climate predictions begins

Under aegis of IOC,WMO,UMEP, ICS, GOOS support office and development Plan begins

Initial GOOS envisioned to consist of 5 modules re:climate, marine services, pollution, living resources,and CZM

1990 1st National Meeting to Consider Concept of a U.S. GOOS  





Document Library

A comprehensive list of IOOS-related documents, press releases, conference proceeding and meeting summaries, and terms of reference.